Wednesday, January 27, 2016

The Deep Politics of The X-Files Revival

Your humble author became enamored with The X-Files from the very beginning --I watched the pilot at the ripe old age of ten way back on September 10, 1993. Even then I was aware that I was watching something special and in hindsight X-Files clearly had an enormous influence on my development. Everything about the show from the look, the music and especially the subtext was pitch perfect. It seemed both incredibly cutting edge and yet timeless, in the great tradition of paranormal-themed shows that had inspired it such as The Twilight Zone, The Outer Limits and Kolchak: The Night Stalker (all of which I discovered as a result of The X-Files).

As such, it should come as little surprise that I eagerly anticipated the series' revival. After two enthralling episodes, I feel secure in the saying that The X-Files surely has its mojo back if it ever in fact lost it. The show is both more timely and subversive than ever and that has already triggered some very angry reactions from the Establishment media. The great Christopher Knowles has already given an outstanding rundown of this curious state of affairs:
"So Carter again sets out to scare his audience. And he does so by doing what he's always done- reach into the Jack-in-the-Box of America's Nightmare Cabinet and force the fringe into the mainstream.
"That he seems to be taking so much flak shows that he is indeed striking some very sensitive nerves, which is why mainstream voices-of-record The New York Times and Entertainment Weekly were not content to attack "My Struggle" once, they actually did so twice... 
"Lest you think that's some editorial quirk, look at the bad review in Time, which not only completely misinterprets the mandate of the original series (fun?) but cites the authoritarian propaganda orgasmatron The Dark Knight as the example Carter should be following..
"So apparently it's not OK to write about this stuff anymore, not even as fiction. It was OK during the Bush era, it was OK to be suspicious of the Powers-That-Be then. Michael Moore made millions doing so. But not with the Anointed One in the Oval Office."

And yet The X-Files is a property of Fox, a key piece of the media empire of mogul Rupert Murdoch. And Murdoch is as much a "Voice of the Establishment" as anyone.

Murdoch (Marduk?)
This is of course not the first attempt made to revive The X-Files after the show came to a brisk conclusion in 2002, in the wake of 9/11. That attempt consisted of the poorly-received 2008 film, I Want to Believe. Budgeted at a mere $30 million, this low key and highly allegoric film was none the less released on July 25th, right in the midst of the summer blockbuster season. While probably already doomed due to a plotline existing outside of both the show's mythos episodes and classic monster-of-the-week features, the timing of the release probably couldn't have been worse.

It is also interesting to note that this largely apolitical film was released several months before the Anointed One entered the White House, when the presidency was still possessed by George W. Bush and military-industrial complex shill John McCain still had some (slim) possibility of attaining the presidency.

And now, eight years later, The X-Files returns during another presidential cycle, this time with a generous budget and a choice prime TV slot. And of course one of the front runners, Hilary Clinton, was First Lady during the show's 90s heyday.

Hillary as First Lady
Is it a coincidence that Fox seemingly sabotaged The X-Files revival in 2008 during the finals months of the Bush II's presidency while going all in to make the 2016 miniseries a major hit in the final months of Barack Obama's presidency?

I think not and the seeming schizophrenic reaction of the "Establishment," with Fox going all out for the revival while the pen snipers of the New York Times and such like take aim, is a prime example of the split amongst the ruling elite. In the notorious Tragedy and Hope, Carroll Quigley referred to The New York Times as one of the five newspapers with which "The American branch of this 'English Establishment' exerted much of its influence through..." (pg. 953). Earlier Quigley had dubbed this "English Establishment" the Anglo-American Establishment and had argued that it exerted much control via the wealth of powerful American families such as the Morgans and the Rockefellers and influential think tanks such as the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR).

To some extent the CFR and like organizations had dominated (but not controlled) the American political scene from roughly the end of the Civil War until the 1950s. By the early 1970s the power of the CFR was in decline and a host of usurpers had emerged to challenge the authority of the Anglo-American Establishment.
"...  In the Nixon era the multilateralist policies of the once-dominant Council on Foreign Relations came to yield place to the unilateralist and neocon policies of the once-marginal American Enterprise Institute. A key moment was the split in the CFR establishment after 1968, dividing the 'traders' (those who were concerned for international economic order) from the 'Prussians' or 'warriors' (those who were concerned for preserving U.S. predominance over the Soviet Union.) This last group included the first neocons...
"Future Supreme Court Justice Lewis Powell, in a 1971 confidential memorandum for the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, warned that survival of the free enterprise system lay 'in organization, and careful long-range planning and implementation, and consistency of action over an indefinite period of years, and in the scale of financing available only through joint effort, and in the political power available only through united action and national organizations.' Soon, funding for this right-wing ideological offensive was being provided 'by a small sewing circle of rich philanthropists --Richard Mellon Scaife in Pittsburgh, Lynde and Harry Bradley in Milwaukee, John Olin in New York City, the Smith Richardson family in North Carolina, Joseph Coors in Denver, [and] David and Charles Koch in Wichita.' With support from these foundations America saw a spate of new and well-funded right-wing organizations, such as the Scaife-backed Moral Majority and the interlocking Coors-back Council for National Policy (once called by ABC News 'the most powerful conservative group you've never heard of').
"The stage was set for what political commentator Kevin Phillips and others have called the 'greed decade' of the 1980s, when 'the portion of the nation's wealth held by the top 1 percent nearly doubled, skyrocketing from 22 percent to 39 percent, probably the most rapid escalation in U.S. history.' With the spreading gap between rich and poor, the ideal of a public state in which all classes participated was further weakened by the reality of the deep state or security state in which, more than ever before, the few manipulated the many. This was facilitated by a parallel development in the media, with the emergence of new press barons like Rupert Murdoch and Conrad Black. As journalist David Brock wrote: 'In the late 1970s and early 1980s, Keith Rupert Murdoch [the prime example] went on a buying spree in the United States, purchasing papers in San Antonio, New York City, Boston, and Chicago. American journalism was never the same.' "
(The Road to 9/11, Peter Dale Scott, pgs. 21-22)

Rupert Murdoch is a long time favorite of the American Enterprise Institute, possibly the premier think tank for the Right Wing Establishment. Thus, there clearly seems to be some behind-the-scenes shenanigans in regards to the recent attacks The X-Files miniseries has endured.

In 2008, during the first bid to revive The X-Files, it was Fox News and co who regularly marginalized conspiracy theories (except those involving Muslims of course) as they had all through out the Bush II regime. During the Obama years, the tin foil hat straw man has been savaged by the older news outlets while Fox provided a platform for Glen Beck and the like. Going further back, The X-Files provided a glimpse of the dark underbelly of the American deep state during the feel-good Clinton years when the nation was collectively happy and fat.

It likely took so long for a second X-Files revival to gain steam due to the change in the collective pulse of the nation. There is far more anger and paranoia out there in Obama's America than there was in Clinton's. If Fox was simply being driven by financial concerns, it seems likely a revival would have happened before now. Certainly the early ratings indicate that the public is ready for the kind of message that Chris Carter and company are offering.

But the political landscape in the country is in total disarray. Establishment pols like Jeb Bush and Hilary Clinton are struggling to continue their dynasties while Donald Trump and Bernie Sanders have effectively tapped into the growing populist resentment of Beltway figures. Is X-Files simply a desperate Hail Marry to stave a off still likely Clinton presidency or something more?

Only time will tell, but it is surely we, the viewers, who will benefit the most. In this deeply confused political landscape The X-Files is arguably more subversive now than it ever has been. While taking pot shots at both the Bush II and Obama regimes, it has delved into 9/11 false flags, suppressed energy tech, mass surveillance, the militarization of American police forces and a host of other taboo topics that are rarely brought into popular entertainment anymore.

There have only been a few instances where the revival has slipped thus far. One is its depiction of the Roswell crash, a long time favorite of the UFO crowd that is none-the-less highly dubious when one considers considers the sources behind it (I've addressed this topic before here and here while more interesting information and a much more thorough account of the likely Roswell psyop can be found here).

Another is the Tad O'Malley (Joel McHale) character, a right wing shock jock that has been frequently linked to Alex Jones and Glen Beck. Chris Carter and company seemingly missed a golden opportunity to expose the intelligence community's extensive manipulations of the conspiratorial right (which I've addressed at length before here) with the character. But then again, with Fox still bank rolling the show, Carter may have felt compelled to tread lightly in this regard. After all, the Ring Wing Establishment has always been far more comfortable with the "paranoid style" than their Eastern counterparts.

But ultimately Carter and co take a bold stance with the revival. It is fitting that during the final moments of the second episode, "Founder's Mutation," that images from Kubrick's 2001: A Space Odyssey are shown. Kubrick was another deeply subversive filmmaker who made several bold attempts to expose the American deep state in his films. One of the most noteworthy is Dr. Strangelove, a film that likely was only made due to the deep division in the American deep state at the time (as I addressed at length before here).

While Kubrick is always hard to top, I would not bet against Chris Carter. Hopefully audiences will stick with the miniseries despite the lashing it is taking from critics. Kubrick's final film, Eyes Wide Shut, was arguably sunk by a similar hate campaign. But the nation is different now and Establishment opinion means less than ever before. So here's hoping the masses can weather the storm and see things through to the end.

Saturday, January 23, 2016

Top 13 of 15

And so the time has arrived for another year end review of the top 13 albums released, this time for that Foal Year of Our Lords 2015. This once-a-year series was inspired by the persistent claims that rock and pop culture on the whole are dead and has now run for three years. Ideally this installment would have been out several weeks earlier but the transition between 2015 and 2016 has been a rough one for music: 2015 ended with the death of one rock 'n roll legend while 2016 began with the death of another. I am of course referring to Ian "Lemmy" Kilmister and David Bowie respectively. The Motorhead frontman and Starman were both larger than life personas that seemed indestructible. Their influence was vast and their loss is irreplaceable.

the dearly departed Lemmy (top) and David Bowie (bottom)
The departures of Lemmy and Bowie only underscore how dire things have gotten out there. There can be little doubt that mainstream music in 2015 was a truly putrid corpse emitting a rotten stench that threatens to obscure any signs of life beneath the surface. But then again, mainstream music has typically been awful with few acceptations (i.e. the late 80s/early 90s "alternative scene" and the First Psychedelic Era and Golden Age of Heavy Rock, two overlapping periods that unfolded from roughly 1966 till 1974). In the underground, as always, there are a few flickering signs of life.

This series as well as the bulk of this blog's musings on music were largely inspired by Christopher Knowles' groundbreaking The Secret History of Rock N' Roll and his numerous writings on the Secret Sun blog. Knowles properly linked the rock n' roll spirit to the Ancient Mysteries and the Archetypes in a effort to explain the medium's power. Knowles, however, takes a much dimer view of the current music scene than I.

As noted above, it is hard to dispute that rock n' roll is in dire straits and that the socio-economic order that fueled the heyday of rock n' roll is gone. But uncertainty and chaos have often produced choice works of art and our current era is certainly overflowing with either. For this reason it was of little surprise to your author that several doom metal-centric bands generated especially inspired outings this year while the retro heavy rock movement, finding inspiration in the Golden Age of Rock 'N Roll, continues to go strong. It probably goes without saying, but the genre typically described as "stoner rock" (which can include doom, sludge and post-metal, desert rock, fuzz rock, heavy psych, occult rock and so on) continues to be at the forefront of rock n' roll relevancy.

Indeed, stoner rock arguably had one of its best years in terms of media exposure due to the tragedy in Paris. The Eagles of Death Metal, with their extensive ties to the Palm Desert scene, are very much in the stoner rock family and were the band performing in the Bataclan during one of the most shocking moments of the Paris terror attacks. That stoner rock, steeped in the occult, conspiracy theories and general high weirdness, has gradually found its way into the mainstream consciousness despite the contempt "serious" music fans have long had for it is hardly surprising. Perhaps no other genre today understands the archetypal appeal of classic rock better while offering up a fresh take on the first principals of the medium. I've written extensively on these themes before here.

But enough introductory remarks. Let us get on with the rankings:

Berlin --Kadavar

Kadavar are deeply steeped in retro heavy rock that could make the casual listener easily confuse their 2015 outing for something that was released forty years ago. This German outfit first caught your humble writer's ear back in 2012 with their haunting self-titled debut. That album had a dark and mysterious quality to it that the band's preceding two albums have been unable to match. That being said, 2013's Abra Kadavar (which made my top 13 in 2013) and 2015's Berlin kick out the heavy '70s jams as well as any act currently active. Songs  like "Old Man" and "Last Living Dinosaur" are so catchy and infectious that they rightfully should be played in heavy rotation on classic rock radio stations with the likes of Led Zeppelin II and Machine Head. And while the band's psychedelic side has been greatly marginalized since the debut, tracks like "Into the Night" and the cover of Nico's "Reich Der Traume" still manage to take the listener places.

Berkana --Golden Void

This Bay-area group also dropped their debut in 2012, and it was even more haunting that Kadavar's. Golden Void (who derive their name form a Hawkwind song) also have their fair share of retro influences (especially the great Blue Oyster Cult as well as the previously mentioned space rockers) but also bring in ample doses of 90s grunge (think Screaming Trees and more mellow Soundgarden) and European heavy psych along the lines of Colour Haze and Sungrazer. Their music maintains a mellow atmosphere even when guitarist Isiah Mitchell (also of instrumental heavy psych stalwarts Earthless) breaks out the fuzz.

The interplay between Mitchell's guitar and wife Camilia Saufley's keyboards is easily the most compelling aspect of this group. The duo weave a potent witch's brew of psychedelic bliss. The album derives its name from a rune and is unsurprisingly steeped in esoterica. Its center piece is easily the near-seven minute "Astral Plane", a track every bit as exploratory as the name implies. "Silent Season" and "Storm and Feather" are equally knee deep in atmosphere while punchier tracks such as "Dervishing" and "Burbank's Dream" display the band's ability to merge more rocking efforts with an equally hazy aesthetic.

Cobras and Fire --Monster Magnet

Many an astute listener had left Monster Magnet, the stoner rock pioneers, for dead around the time of 2007's 4-Way Diablo. The group took the heavy underground by storm in the 1990s with a series of groundbreaking albums that merged Lemmy-era Hawkwind with the more avant garde psychedelica of acid punk powerhouses such as the Butthole Surfers and Chrome. Beginning with 1995's Dopes to Infinity and especially 1998's commercial breakthrough Powertrip the group began to incorporate more classic heavy rock hooks and emerged at the forefront of the budding stoner rock movement by decade's end. But then things began to go south in the next decade. A series of lackluster albums and the ongoing substance abuse problems of frontman Dave Wyndorf left the band in such dire straits that New Jersey outfit did not seem long for this world after Diablo.

But then came a dramatic turnaround. 2013's Last Patrol (which finished high in that year's top 13) was easily the strongest album Monster Magnet had managed since their early 90s heyday and saw them returning to the frantic space rock and sleazy psychedelica that characterized their sound during their peak years. 2014 brought a "reimaging" of Last Patrol, aptly dubbed Milking the Stars. This album made my top 13 in 2014, though this ranking my have been mired by my inner fanboy still being so pleased with the group's return to their earlier sound. 2015's Cobras and Fires presents this reviewer with the same dilemma, but I feel its inclusion here will hold up better for the simple reason that Cobras and Fire represents a much more dramatic overhaul of an album that 2014's reimaging.

The target in this case is 2010's Mastermind, a somewhat overlooked album in MM's overture. While not nearly as strong as Patrol it was at the time a refreshing return to form that saw the group unleashing its heaviest outing to date. Short on psychedelica, but long on fuzz, Mastermind seems far better suited for a psychedelic reimaging than the already uber-trippy Patrol. And indeed, the lysergic remakes of tracks like the soaring "Gods and Punks" and the oh-so fuzzy "Hallucination Bomb" (here redubbed "Cobras and Fire") are truly reimagings. Elsewhere, "The Titan" and "Time Machine" are totally stripped of lyrics and turned into the kinds of synth driven instrumental tracks Rick Wakeman once churned out for metal bands in the 1970s to enhance the atmosphere between the punchier tracks. The same purpose is accomplished here. Throw in a stomping cover of the Temptation's psychedelic soul social commentary known as "Ball of Confusion" and you have one of the most enjoyable, if derivative, albums of 2015.

Scaffolds of the Sky --Mirror Queen 

Mirror Queen is another retro 70s act that manages to pay homage to rock's Golden Age without sounding derivative. Combing elements of Blue Oyster Cult, NWOBHM riffing and contemporary heavy psych, this New Jersey outfit knows how to set an atmosphere while still having enough heft to please the moshers. Scaffolds of the Sky is the group's sophomore outing after 2010's From Earth Below and shows ample growth. The albums two longest tracks, "Scaffolds of the Sky" and "Strangers in Our Time," are also the best and put the band's strengths on full display. Chugging guitars give way to hazy interludes and then back to the gallop, all on a dime and all feeling like totally natural changes. Sky wraps up with a solid cover of BOC's "Wings Wetted Down," a track preceded by the moody instrumental "Dark Ships Arrived." It makes a for an apt closing on this second album from a band that sounds as if it has yet to hit its peak. Where the group goes from now will be most intriguing, but there are still quite good at present all the same.

Middle of Nowhere, Center of Everywhere --Acid King

Acid King derive their moniker from the nickname murderer Ricky Kasso, who so terrified the Christian right in the 1980s when he and two friends murdered a fourth boy while reportedly under the influence of mescaline. Kasso was arrested in an AC/DC shirt and was reportedly a fan of groups such as Black Sabbath and Judas Priest. This was one of the key incidents that dragged heavy metal subculture into the Satanic Hysteria of the 1980s.

Acid King the band hails from San Francisco, where they were founded in 1993 just as stoner rock was beginning to emerge as its own genre. Beyond being one of the pioneering stoner rock bands, Acid King is also fronted by guitarist and vocalist Lori S., the first woman to gain prominence in a genre that has produced increasing amounts of staller female performers over the years. AK's sound is deeply steeped in Black Sabbath as filtered through fellow North California heavy weights Sleep. Acid King slowed Sabbath's grooves down even further so as to explore the depths of Lori S' massive, sludgy riffs. Outside of Sleep, Acid King is the stoner doom band.

While possessing a sound innately druggy, Acid King did not delve much into pure psychedelica prior to the release of Middle of... this past year. The gargantuan riffs are still there threatening to blow your speakers out, but to them has been added additional sparseness as well as ample doses of psychedelica and space rock. The aptly named "Coming Down From Outer Space" perfectly captures the void of space while the title track is acid doom at its finest. The backwards guitars of the "Intro" and "Outro" instrumentals give the impression that Middle album is being beamed in from another dimension, a fitting origin for this collection of songs. Elsewhere "Silent Pictures" and "Red River" deliver the post-Sleep riffage long time fans crave. On the whole, this is a fine return to form from a band that has been away for to long.

Self-titled --Cigale

Cigale, despite unloading the best debut album of 2015, is a group stillborn. This is due to the sudden suicide of guitarist/backup vocalist Rutger Smeets, formerly of the great Sunglazer. Between his work with Sungrazer and Cigale Smeets had established himself as one of the most promising up-and-coming guitarist of the genre. His distinct tone and style bridged the gap between vintage 90s desert rock and the stylings of Colour Haze and other European heavy psych outfits that began to emerge during the past decade. Despite the heft underlining Smeets' guitars, they still maintained a bright, hazy tone that always threatens to throw the listener into a waking reverie.

After the sudden dissolution of Sungrazer in 2014 following their acclaimed Mirador album, Smeets bounced back with Cigale. Cigale followed in Sungrazer's merger of European heavy psych and the more trippier aspects of desert rock, but to it added elements of prog, shoegazing and even jazz. Lead vocalist, guitarist and keyboardist Romy Endeman made for a perfect collaborator with Smeets. Her jazzy vocals brought elements of a torch song to practically every track. Highlights such as "Steeplechase" , "Grey Owl" and the folky "Eyes Wide Shut" pointed to endless possibilities for this outfit. Sadly, we will never no to what heights Cigale could have reached nor where Rutger Smeets' already impressive career would have ventured too. RIP.

Second Psychedelic Coming: The Aquarius Tapes --Jess and the Ancient Ones

Jess and the Ancient Ones are another retro European occult act. Their self-titled debut dropped in 2013 and on the whole was a respectable if rather undisguisable outing. Their sophomore outing finds the band coming into their own, however. Jess and the Ancient Ones dial down the NWOBHM riffing of their debut while upping the prog and psychedelica and adding a pinch of jazz and even surf guitars for spectacular results. And of course there's still Jess conjuring the spirit of Grace Slick in her absolute prime.

Littered with samples from B-grade 60s and 70s films, Second Psychedelic Coming envisions a Summer of Love steeped in the occult and cults (which it kind of was). This creates a vibrant, almost (acid-laced) carnival-like atmosphere. Punchier numbers like "Wolves Inside My Head" and opener "Samhain" keep the hour plus album moving along at a brisk pace, but it is on the longer tracks that Jess and the Ancient Ones really shine. "Crossroad Lightening," with its stomping blues/gospel intro, descends into a mesmerizing Middle Eastern-vibe during its eight-plus minute run time. The 22:35 minute closer "Goodbye to Virgin Grounds Forever" is completely engrossing for the extent of its run time. It goes through various sections that encompass multiple style before concluding with almost gospel-like chants of "Death is not the end." Indeed.

Psychic Warfare --Clutch

Clutch has been a remarkably consistent band over the course of their twenty-plus year run. Only their debut, Transnational Speedway League, and the outtakes collection Jam Room have mired their otherwise pristine track record. But some Clutch records are better than others and 2013's Earth Rocker seems likely to join the ranks of 1995's self-titled sophomore outing, 1998's Elephant Riders and 2004's Blast Tyrant as the best of the best. Thus Psychic Warfare, coming out just a little under two years after Earth Rocker, was faced with a tough act to follow.

As can be expected, Psychic Warfare follows in the more rocking style Clutch pursued on Earth Rocker (though some of the blusier elements from Strange Cousins From the West and From Beale Street to Oblivion return). Indeed, the biggest knock on Psychic Warfare is that the batch of songs it contains aren't quite as good or as fresh as those on Rocker. Still, lesser bands would sell their souls many times over for tracks as catchy as "X-Ray Visions", "Firebirds" and the ZZ Top-ified "Quick Death in Texas." Moody and bluesy ballads "Our Lady Electric Light" and "Son of Virginia" are also quite striking.

Even more curious is the fact that this album marks Clutch's first full on concept album (allegedly) and that it revolves around a character trying to escape from mind control technology being wielded by shadowy government agencies (hence the title). As this is Clutch, all of this is handled very tongue-in-cheek and the concept seems to have been largely abandoned after the album's first half. Still, this is an interesting turn for a band that has dealt heavily with mythology, conspiracy theories and the occult before (as I've noted before here and here, among others). I may attempt a more in depth analysis of this album at a later date. For now the, the reader is advised to simply kick back and allow Clutch's unequaled boogie to take them places, some of which involving Firebirds and energy weapons.

Feral --Snail

Snail's journey has been a long and winding one. Founded back in 1992 in Seattle, the group released its self-titled debut in 1993 as a three piece consisting of guitarist/vocalist Mark Johnson, bassist Matt Lynch, and drummer Marty Dodson. An EP followed the next year and that would be the last anyone would hear of the group in the twentieth century. Then in 2009, a whopping sixteen years after the debut, Snail resurfaced with their sophomore outing Blood. The album featured all three original members plus a second guitarist, Eric Clausen. It caught the heavy underground by surprise with its compelling blind of doom, stoner rock and grunge.

With their first ever true following (Snail had been one of countless Seattle bands vying for national attention in the early 90s and thus flew under virtually everyone's radar) established in the wake of that album, the four piece returned in 2012 with Terminus. This album brought more 80s metalisms into the mix, but without the strong songwriting of Blood.

When Snail returned in 2015 with Feral, they were once again a three piece, Clausen having departed shortly before work on Feral began. This listener went into Feral with low expectations --while Snail's story is certainly inspiring and Blood had shown promise, the group had yet to drop something truly memorable. But after twenty-two years and three albums, Snail has truly arrived with this latest offering.

While groups like Alice in Chains and Screaming Trees may have originally been the template, Snail had already added doomier elements and on this album also incorporate more prog, and heavy psych. And despite the loss of guitarist Eric Clausen, the album sounds fuller and more complex than prior outings. This is in no small part due to the rhythm section picking up the slack. Both Dodson and Lynch contribute backing vocals while Lynch also adds keyboards and served as Feral's recording engineer.

Opener "Building a Haunted House," with its druggy build up, sets the mood."... House" is followed by the surprisingly catchy and up-tempo "Smoke the Deathless" and its amusing references to DMT. Longer tracks like "Thou Art That" and "Psilocybe" combine grunge, doom and heavy psych in moody dirges that are sure to take the listener places.

On the whole Feral is one of the most surprising releases of the year in that it finds a veteran act both expanding their sound and releasing easily their best work to date, and on which a quantum leap in songwriting quality is evident. And that art work... Highly recommended.

Sun Future Moon --Death Hawks

Death Hawks are a Finnish outfit who released their third outing, Sun Future Moon, in 2015. Despite the four piece's name, they offer some of the most blissful and relaxed music on this list. Combing elements of psychedelia, prog, space rock, folk, world, and desert rock, Death Hawks have a sound that is both retro and totally modern at the same time. Opener "Hey Ya Sun Ra" is the albums longest track and unfolds like a lazy summer afternoon with its rolling grooves and blissful chants. "Ripe Fruits" and "Behind Thyme" continue in the same sunny vein.

Else where tracks like "Dream Machine" and the near spoken-word "Dream Life, Waking Life" go for more of a nighttime atmosphere. In a sense these tracks are "darker", but "darker" as in exploring the wonders of deep space, be it outer or inner. The space-folk of closer "Friend of Joy", with its chants of "Send our message across the universe" is an apt conclusion to this dreamy record with one foot in the past and one in the space age.

Lore --Elder

Elder's prior outing, 2011's Dead Roots Stirring, caught the heavy underground by storm during that year and became one of the most celebrated releases of this decade. This listener took a while to warm up to the Boston three piece's moody sophomore outing and still does not quite agree with the endless praise heaped upon it. Lore arrived in 2015 amongst sky high expectations and seemingly delivered: Countless websites have already declared it a modern classic. While this reviewer would not go quite that far, he can not deny what the band has accomplished here. 

Consisting of five tracks that unfold over the course of an hour plus, Lore clearly is not lacking in ambition. But Elder are more than up to the task of justifying song lengths that regularly go beyond ten minutes. The band originally began as a stoner doom outfit inspired by Sleep and Electric Wizard. With Dead Roots Stirring they began incorporating elements of heavy psych into their sound. Those elements are further refined here along with ample doses of prog and space rock for good measure. 

While each track is practically a mini epic in its own right, Lore is best taken as whole. The five songs maintain a consistent atmosphere throughout that is dark without being menacing. "Mysterious" is possibly the best word for describing these five compositions. They inspire mental pictures of moon lit nights, rain-soaked early mornings and the deepest reaches of space. The Old Ones lurk within these tracks, with Elder seemingly obsessed with bringing ancient mythology to a modern light. Whether Lovecraftian or esoteric, when the album stops the listener can't help but feel they have returned from some type of curious dream, partly frightening and partly blissful in equal measures. This is truly an album to lose one's self in.

Pylon --Killing Joke

The legendary post-punk outfit returned with their fifteenth study album in 2015. It was the third album since 2009's Absolute Dissent to feature the group's original lineup, vocalist Jaz Coleman, guitarist Geordie Walker, bassist Youth and drummer Paul Ferguson. Previously this lineup had produced the band's original trio of albums, the self-titled debut, What's THIS For... and Revelations. After this trilogy of post-punk classics, Youth departed and beginning with the fifth album, 1985's Night Time, Killing Joke pursued a more New Wave-centric sound. While this initially brought the group more commercial success, Killing Joke had come dangerously close to being a parody of their former selves by the late 1980s.

Beginning with 1990's Extremities, Dirt & Various Repressed Emotions, the group returned with a much heavier, more industrial metal-oriented sound which reflected the legions of heavy rock bands the group had influenced in the 1980s. This sound was refined and perfected on 1994's Pandemonium and 1996's grossly underrated Democracy. The Jokers did not return again until 2003 with another self-titled album, this one both an angry political bomb reflecting the Bush years as well as a subtle bid to cash in on the group's vast influence (witness the nu-metal riffs and the presence of David Grohl on drums). 2006's Hosannas from the Basement of Hell was a much better and more ambitious offering in addition to being arguably the group's heaviest ever outing.

When the original lineup returned with 2009's Absolute Dissent, much of the heavier edge of the post-Extremities albums was retained, but some elements of the group's classic post-punk and even New Wave sound was also incorporated, bringing things full circle. This led to a pair of albums (Absolute Dissent and 2012's MMXII) that were more musically diverse than anything the group had done since the 1990s as well as featuring some of the Jokerss best ever songwriting. MMXII, which ran the gauntlet from raging rockers such as "Fema Camp" to the moody ballad like "In Cythera", was an especially strong outing that could easily revival some of the group's classic 80s and 90s albums.

Thus Pylon had a very hard act to follow and it does stumble somewhat. Part of this is due to the production, which seems just a little to clean to this listener's ear. While the prior three albums had a delightfully raw edge to them, Pylon is easily the group's sleekest offering since the 2003 comeback. Of course, "sleek" in relation to Killing Joke is very relative, but I can't help but feel some of these songs are missing a bit of nastiness to them. And it doesn't help that the group could write tracks like "New Cold War" in their sleep by this point.

"Autonomous Zone" immediately draws the listener in with its thunderous rhythm section and buzzing guitars and keyboards though some of the following tracks can't quite maintain the exuberant beginning. Moody offerings such as the very 80s "Euphoria" and "Big Buzz" feature some of the album's most potent moments but it is the surprisingly catchy "New Jerusalem" that is the album's center piece. Riding a killer groove, Jaz Coleman outlines society's ills over the verse until a furious tribal assault from drummer Paul Ferguson propels the chorus into overdrive.

So while Pylon can't quite reach the heights of the prior two albums, it is still a strong offering from a veteran band nearly four decades into their run. But when all is said and done, the freshness of the original lineup playing together again is gone. While Absolute Dissent and MMXII found the band toying with the various sounds they had explored over the years to forge a new sonic identity that brought together everything that had come before, Pylon seems like a recap of the prior two albums. This could have been an issue had the songwriting not been so strong, but fortunately the band delivers in this department and that is enough to make this one of the best albums of 2015.

Ecate --Ufomammut

The phrase "cosmic doom" was invented specifically for acts like Italy's Ufomammut. Combing elements of the psychedelic spaciness of early Pink Floyd and Hawkwind with the massive, hypnotic riffs of stoner doom bands like Sleep and Electric Wizard, the three piece has carved out one of the most distinct sounds of any group in the twenty-first century. They first hit their stride with 2004's landmark Snailking and took things to new heights with 2010's Eve. Apparently inspired by Pink Floyd's 1971 classic Meddle, Eve was essentially one long, forty-plus minute song broken into five movements.

At this point in time Ufomammut's potent brew of trippy synths and psychedelic effects galore with mysterious samples, mixed-back and unintelligible vocals and skull rattling riffs achieved a state of high art. As ambitious as ever, the group returned in 2012 with a pair of albums: ORO: Opus Primum and ORO: Opus Alter. As the ORO bit implies, these two works were linked: Each album consisted of half of one massive song. While many long time fans were impressed by the scale of the group's compositions, this listener felt that both of the ORO albums were ponderous (and even pompous at times).

Perhaps realizing that they had pushed the envelope as far as they could with extended song, Ufomammut returned in 2015 with Ecate, their tightest collection of individual compositions since 2008's Idiom. All Ufomammut works are steeped in the occult and Ecate is no different. The title is short for Hecate, the notorious Greek witch goddess, while the album's artwork is littered with mystical symbols (the individual portraits assigned to each song are especially illuminating). Unsurprisingly, themes of death, rebirth and transcendence abound. 

There are six songs in total, with each half of the album divided into two long songs intersected by a shorter track. The first of these shorter tracks, "Plouton" is possibly the most brutal song on the album while "Revelations" is the most atmospheric. The longer tracks are easily the highlights of Ecate, however. Opener "Somnium" rides a crushing groove for several minutes before downshifting into a reflective midsection before exploding into the conclusion. "Chaosecret" begins with a spacey atmosphere that incorporates distant vocals into the mix for nearly six minutes before unleashing a riff that could destroy planets. Closer "Daemons" is relentless throughout while still maintaining Ufomammut's trademark trippiness. 

On the whole Ecate marks a stellar return to first principals for the Italian trio even if it sacrifices some artistic growth in the process. Still, countless bands would kill for an album as distinct as this one. Highly recommended.

Ufomammut live
And with that I bring the top 13 of 2015 to a close. Honorable mentions also go out to Uncle Acid and the DeadbeatsNight Creeper, Ecstatic Vision's Sonic Praise, Death Alley's Black Magic Boogieland, Mondo Drag's self-titled sophomore outing, Dungen's Allas Sak, Midnight Ghost Train's Cold Was the Ground, Fogg's High Testament, Kind's Rocket Science, Goatsnake's Black Age Blues and All Them Witches' Dying Surfer Meets His Maker. That's twenty-three albums in total for 2015 of some quality. Hopefully the reader has found something of interest in anyone of these albums that will alleviate some of the doldrums of modern pop culture. Until next time dear reader.

your humble reviewer was all set to catch Killing Joke's North American tour on January 15th, but the band canceled the tour days before it was set to kick off due to health problems for one group member; so it goes for what is looking like an ominous year for musical legends